What Is Neuropathy? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention


Peripheral neuropathy refers to a condition in which the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord, known as the peripheral nervous system, are damaged or malfunctioning. This can result in a variety of symptoms, such as pain, numbness, tingling, weakness, and difficulty with coordination or balance. Peripheral neuropathy can be caused by a range of factors, including diabetes, autoimmune disorders, infections, medications, alcoholism, and hereditary or genetic conditions. In this article, we will discuss the different types, causes, symptoms, and treatments of peripheral neuropathy.


The peripheral nervous system (PNS) is a network of nerves and ganglia that extends from the central nervous system (CNS), which consists of the brain and spinal cord, to the rest of the body. The PNS is responsible for relaying information between the CNS and the body’s organs, muscles, and tissues. It is divided into two main branches: the somatic nervous system and the autonomic nervous system. The somatic nervous system controls voluntary movements and sensory information, while the autonomic nervous system controls involuntary functions such as heart rate, digestion, and respiration. The PNS can be affected by a range of conditions, including neuropathy, which can cause damage or dysfunction to the nerves outside the brain and spinal cord.


Sensory Nerves: These nerves communicate sensations such as cold, heat, pain and touch.

Motor Nerves: These nerves control movement and the muscles that enable you to move.

Autonomic Nerves: These nerves control the automatic or involuntary functions of your body such as heart rate, blood pressure and digestion.



Neuropathy is caused by a trauma to one or more nerves in the peripheral nervous system. Neuropathy can develop from such things as:

1. Injuries
2. Infections
3. Toxicity and Exposure to Toxins, including prescription drugs and medications.
One of the most common causes of neuropathy is diabetes. This is known as diabetic neuropathy.


The symptoms of neuropathy can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition, as well as which nerves are affected. Some common symptoms include:


  • Burning pain
  • Sensitivity to touch
  • Weakness in muscle
  • Muscle paralysis
  • Loss of balance and coordination
  • Bladder or bowel problems


Neuropathies are a group of conditions that affect the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, also known as peripheral nerves. These conditions can cause a wide range of symptoms, including pain, numbness, tingling, and weakness in the affected areas.

Types of Neuropathy:

Mononeuropathy: This is a type of neuropathy that only affects a single nerve.

Polyneuropathy: This is a type of neuropathy that affects many nerves throughout the body.

Autonomic neuropathy: This is a form of polyneuropathy which affects the autonomic nerves that control involuntary

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The practice of chiropractic health care focuses on the health of the body’s nervous system. Doctors of chiropractic are highly trained and skilled with identifying and treating problems with the nerves of the human body and associated conditions such as neuropathy.
The best part about chiropractic care is that it does not use prescription drugs or surgery to treat neuropathy. It’s completely safe and very effective.


Life doesn’t have to be lived enduring the pain and discomfort of neuropathy. Please give us a call at (513) 285-6674 or Schedule an Appointment at one of our Cincinnati area office locations.


Neuropathy can be prevented or its progression slowed down by taking the following measures:

1. Managing underlying health conditions: People with conditions such as diabetes, autoimmune disorders, and infections are at higher risk of developing neuropathy. Proper management of these underlying conditions can prevent the onset of neuropathy or slow its progression.

2. Adopting a healthy lifestyle: Eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can improve overall health and reduce the risk of developing neuropathy.

3. Avoiding exposure to toxins: Exposure to toxic substances, including certain chemicals and heavy metals, can damage nerves and lead to neuropathy. Minimizing exposure to such toxins can prevent nerve damage.

4. Protecting against injuries: Trauma or physical injuries, such as car accidents, falls, or sports injuries, can damage nerves and cause neuropathy. Wearing protective gear, such as helmets and seat belts, and taking necessary precautions can prevent such injuries.

5. Monitoring medication use: Some medications can cause neuropathy as a side effect. It’s important to discuss the risks and benefits of medications with a healthcare provider, and to carefully monitor medication use, especially when taking multiple medications.

6. Regularly visiting a healthcare provider: Regular check-ups can help detect and manage underlying health conditions that may lead to neuropathy. Healthcare providers can also provide guidance on healthy lifestyle choices and monitor medication use.